Everything You Need to Know About Bluegill Fishing
- Amber Donnelly
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Sunfish, bream, brim, or copper nose – whatever you call them – the bluegills are the fishes you must consider catching if you are a full-time freshwater angler. Ask any angler; everyone will suggest that you have your first fishing experience with the bluegills. You can catch them from various freshwater areas throughout the country. Besides, bluegill fishing will give you plenty of action, and it can fill your frying pan with delicious filets. Let’s explore more about bluegill fishing.
Identifying a Bluegill
Bluegill is arguably the most popular pan-fish in North America. It is small fish measuring around 6 inches but can grow up to 12 inches. You can identify a bluegill by the length of its pectoral fin. If you see the pectoral fin of a sunfish extending beyond the fish’s eye when it is tucked in towards its mouth, the fish is undoubtedly a bluegill. The bluegill fishes are also famous for their dark-blue operculum flap that wraps their gills. The usual color of a blue gill’s body is dark olive-green on the back and yellow/reddish-orange on its breast and belly.
Catching Bluegill throughout the Year
Bluegills are always in a romantic mood. No season ruins their mood. Their mating cycle lasts throughout the year, and a female bluegill can breed at least nine times a year. Yes, you read that right! Nine times. It explains the abundance of bluegill throughout the year. So, you don’t have to skip fishing any season of the year if you know how to catch bluegill.
Know the Places Bluegills Build Their Nests
For spawning, bluegills often choose the hardest bottom available; however, they can spawn on anything that is rocklike. Bluegills build their nests near the corners of the ponds or anywhere that gives them a cover. Most of their nests are 1 to 4 feet deep but not in the clear water. On larger waterways, bluegill nests are found 2 to 7 feet deep. Bluegills of the larger reservoirs build their nests on either mud or rock banks and sometimes under some wood logs.
What Do Bluegills Eat?
As bluegills are always in the romantic mood, they do not show any disrespect to any food. They eat almost everything. However, in the big lakes and rivers, they feed on worms, insects, zooplankton, and small fishes. They also eat the human food scraps that are thrown into the water. To be honest, they have some favorite food too, such as crickets, worms, grasshoppers, and zooplankton.
Choose the Baits for Bluegill Fishing
Artificial flies are good baits for a spawning nest of bluegills. However, remember to cast the baits on the outside of the nest without disturbing the interior of it. The best artificial fishing lures for catching bluegill include the medium-size woolly worms or woolly buggers. The color of these fishing lures should be among brown, black, yellow or olive hues.
You might also use the live baits for nesting bluegill. Crickets, worms, and grasshoppers are the best live baits for bluegill fishing. Bluegill baits must be small enough to fit the hook so that they can be swallowed by the fish.
Bluegill Fishing in the Summer
In the summer, bluegills search for food in deeper water in the big reservoirs and rivers. However, in the small reservoirs such as ponds and small lakes, they remain shallow due to oxygen depletion. Fishes of the small reservoirs do not usually go deeper than 10 feet because of the oxygen depletion.
A useful tip for bluegill fishing in the summer is using cricket baits vertically into the flooded trees or wood logs along secondary points. If you want to catch the biggest bluegills, you might want to cast a little heavier bait that goes deeper than the smaller baits.
Bluegill Fishing in the Winter
Bluegill fishing is a popular pastime in the winter. Professional anglers also do not waste their time at their homes; they make camps and catch the bluegills from the frozen lakes. Wax worms and mealworms are bluegill’s favorite food under the ice. You might also use the small jigs, artificial flies, and tiny spoons if the live baits are not available.
The fun of bluegill fishing is that you will get plenty of fishes under the frozen lakes. It can change your gloomy winter to a livelier one. So, drill some holes and get the best ice fishing reel to overwhelm your fishing bucket.
Though bluegill fishing is common freshwater fishing in America, you won’t find it boring at all. With the right techniques and tools, it becomes easy to target and catch bluegills in the freshwater reservoirs and waterways. So, get your fishing reels and rods and go for bluegill fishing.